Articles and Updates from Phoenix Children's
Food Allergy Basics
Food allergies effects 1 in 13 children in the US and, unfortunately, have been on the rise. In fact, they have increased by 50% between 1997 and 2011 with the prevalence of peanut and tree nut almost tripling during this timeframe. A food allergy is when your body causes a harmful reaction to a food protein. Basically, your immune system attacks a food protein that is harmless. Food allergy reactions can range from hives to more life-threatening symptoms such as facial swelling, difficulty breathing, and hypotension. This systemic reaction is called anaphylaxis. Children with food allergies must always carry or have immediate access to the life-saving medication epinephrine as this is the only treatment for anaphylaxis.
Food allergies have a significant impact on quality of life for children and their families. They create stress and anxiety when eating outside the home such as at school, friends’ houses, and restaurants. Many children report being bullied or not believed about their food allergy. Having food allergies can lead to social isolation.
Is There a Cure?
Right now, there is no cure for food allergies. Children need to avoid the foods they have reacted to and follow closely with an allergist/immunologist. Many children will outgrow egg, dairy, soy, and wheat allergies, but only 20% will outgrow peanut allergy with even less outgrowing tree nuts, finish, shellfish, and sesame allergy.
Although there is no cure for food allergies, there are immunotherapy treatments that have recently been approved and some on the horizon. The goal of these treatments is to lessen the severity of a reaction should your child have an accidental ingestion. Palforzia is the only FDA approved oral treatment for peanut allergy, but there are ongoing studies looking at skin patches, sublingual tablets and drops.
Sesame allergies are on the rise exponentially. Like other major food allergens, it can cause serious reactions and this allergy is unlikely to be outgrown. This law requires sesame be labeled by a common and recognizable name and listed as an ingredient on all packaged foods. This will make it easier to tell if the food is safe to eat for those with sesame allergy.
We’re Here for You!
The Phoenix Children's Hospital Allergy/Immunology Clinic offers assessment and testing for those with known or suspected food allergy. We regularly perform food “challenges” in our clinic as a safe means to ultimately determine if a food is safe for your child. For immunotherapy, we offer the FDA-approved peanut treatment, Palforzia, and other food immunotherapy on a research basis. Give us a call if your child has a known or suspected food allergy. We’d love to help!
Cindy Salm Bauer, MD
Dr. Cindy Bauer founded the Phoenix Children's Allergy and Immunology Clinic in 2013. Her areas of interest include food allergy, eosinophilic esophagitis, asthma, allergic/atopic diseases, and immunodeficiencies. She has authored multiple peer reviewed manuscripts/abstracts and currently is participating in several multi-center NIH funded studies including the ORBEX study, the PARK study (Preventing Asthma in High Risk Kids), the Multicenter Airway Research Collaboration studies (learn more at http://www.emnet-usa.org/Marc_35/M35.htm), and more. She is passionate about medical education and serves as Site-Director for the Mayo Clinic Arizona/Phoenix Children's Hospital Allergy and Immunology Fellowship and is Director for the Allergy and Immunology Resident Rotation.
In the community, Dr. Bauer is involved with Camp-Not-A-Wheeze (serving as the Medical Director of this non-profit organization) and Arizona Allergy and Asthma Society (serving as Vice President). Dr. Bauer is committed to providing excellent and compassionate patient care in the field of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. She offers the most up-to-date diagnostic and treatment options, and she strives to partner with a child's other care providers to identify and treat allergic/immunologic conditions.
Outside of work, Dr. Bauer is married and has 3 children. She enjoys spending time with her family and therefore often visits her hometown in Wisconsin.
Bernadette McNally, PA-C
Pediatric Allergy and Immunology, Phoenix Children's Hospital