The pediatric nephrology team at Phoenix Children’s treats all conditions affecting the kidneys.

There are two different types of kidney disease (renal failure):

  • Acute kidney disease
  • Chronic kidney disease

Congenital diseases, such as congenital nephrotic syndrome, are present at birth, although they may be diagnosed later in life.

This is an inherited disorder that causes the amino acid cystine to collect in kidney cells.

Many kidney conditions can lead to end-stage renal disease. Treatment for ESKD can include dialysis and a kidney transplant. This condition is sometimes also called end-stage renal disease (ESRD).

These can lead to chemical imbalances in the body that damage the kidneys and other organs.


  • Alport syndrome (hereditary nephritis): This is an inherited disorder that causes deafness, kidney damage and eye defects.
  • Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS): This is scarring in the filtering units in the kidneys called the glomeruli.
  • Glomerulonephritis

Hematuria is when there is blood in the urine.

Usually caused by an E. coli infection, this condition can be caused by blockages in the kidney’s small structures and can cause scarring that over time can threaten the kidneys’ ability to clean the blood. We coordinate care for this frequently with Urology.

Hypertension is high blood pressure.

This condition causes swelling between the kidney tubules, tiny filters that clean the blood.

A kidney stone (nephrolithiasis) is a solid piece of material made from chemicals that form in the kidney. It's made from substances that normally dissolve in the urine.

This genetic disorder primarily affects the kidneys, vision and brain development.

This is a type of kidney disease that can affect people with Lupus. We coordinate closely with rheumatology to manage patients who have this condition.

A condition in which typically one kidney does not develop properly in the womb.

This condition causes protein in the urine, low protein in the blood, and tissue swelling.

This genetic disorder causes many fluid-filled cysts to grow in the kidneys.

This is protein in the urine.

Urine flowing backward from the bladder toward the kidneys causes kidney damage.

This occurs when one or both of a baby’s kidneys develop abnormally in the womb. It can cause fluid-filled sacs to replace normal kidney tissue.