Conditions We Treat
Autism is a complex, social developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. It is the result of a neurological disorder that affects the normal functions of the brain, impacting development in the areas of social interaction and communication skills.
Children with autism typically show difficulties in verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, repetitive behaviors and leisure or play activities.
Types of Autism
There are several types of autism or autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). The most common are:
- Autistic disorder
- Asperger syndrome
- Pervasive developmental disorder (also known as atypical autism)
Children with ASDs also are prone to developing separate, co-occurring behavioral or psychiatric problems – epilepsy, Fragile X syndrome, attention deficit disorder, learning disabilities, or Tourette syndrome – that also may require treatment.
Symptoms of Autism
In autism, the brain does not develop normal social and communication skills. It is a developmental disorder that may include symptoms such as:
- Impaired social interactions
- Impaired spoken and non-verbal communication
- Repeated patterns of behavior
- Other complications such as seizures, gastrointestinal problems and sleep disorders
Symptoms can range from very mild to quite severe. Signs of autism typically appear in the first 3 years of life, but may be diagnosed much later. However, the severity of autistic symptoms vary and manifest differently in each child.
If your child's behavior gives you a reason for concern, request a referral from your pediatrician.